Andaman & Nicobar Islands
Andaman & Nicobar

General Information


LocationBay of Bengal
Longitude92° to 94° East
Latitude6° to 14° North



Andaman Islands
Saddle Peak (North Andaman Island)
732 Meters
Nicobar Islands
Mount Thullier (Great Nicobar Island)
642 Meters



Total Area8249 Sq. Km.
South Andaman District3106 Sq. Km.
Nicobar District1841 Sq. Km.
North & Middle Andaman District3302 Sq. Km.
Urban Area16.64 Sq. Km.
Rural Area8232.36 Sq. Km



The islands have a tropical climate. The South-west Monsoon sets in Andaman Nicobar islands towards the end of May and the North-east Monsoon in November. There is no fury of hot summer, no chilling winter, no water clogging or traffic jams.

  • Normal rainfall at Port Blair : 3900 mm
  • Mean Minimum Temperature : 23.2° C
  • Mean Maximum Temperature : 25° C
  • Mean relative Humidity : 80 %
  • The only volcano in India, Barren Island, is located in Andaman and Nicobar.
  • It is an active volcano and had last erupted in 2017.
  • It also has a mud volcano situated in Baratang island.



Distance by sea (In kms.)

Between Port Blair & Chennai1190
Between Port Blair & Kolkata1255
Between Port Blair & Vishakapatnam1200

Distance by Air (In Kms.)

Between Kolkata & Port Blair1303
Between Chennai & Port Blair1372
Between Vishakapatnam & Port Blair1224
Between Delhi & Port Blair2481



Administratively, the Union Territory of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands has three revenue Districts.

  1. Port Blair - the capital and gateway to the islands lies in South Andaman Island and falls under South Andaman District.
  2. The latest North & Middle Andaman District with Mayabunder as headquarters lies separated from South Andaman District by a creek.
  3. Car Nicobar is the District Head quarter of Nicobar District.



As per 2011 Census, the total population of Andaman & Nicobar stands 3,79,944 and the literacy rate is 86.27%.



  • Bengali is the most spoken language in Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
  • Hindi is the official language of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
  • English is declared an additional official language for communication purposes.

As of 2011 census, Bengali is spoken as the first language by 28.49 percent of the Union Territory's population followed by Hindi (19.29%), Tamil (15.20%), Telugu (13.24%), Nicobarese (7.65) and Malayalam (7.22%).




Port Blair is the capital of the Union Territory of Andaman & Nicobar Islands. Port Blair is the gateway to the pristine islands. Port Blair, an Island town offering water-based activities like snorkeling, scuba diving, sea-cruises, and glimpses of the history and culture of the region. The Aberdeen Bazaar forms the centre of the town.


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25 Jul 2019 00:46
Information is useful.